Frequently Asked Quetions
Institutional questions
1.- What does INE mean?
INE is the Spanish acronym for Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. The National Statistics Institute (INE-Chile) is the entity that -by law- is in charge of gathering, producing and publishing the statistics and official censuses of the Chilean Republic.

Statistical information requirements are considered strategic for today’s society. INE’s biggest challenge is to respond to the growing demand for useful, timely and high-quality information by local and foreign users.

Under the law 17,374 (pdf, 54 kb) from October of 1970, which amended the previous legislation, the National Statistics Institute is a technical body, with legal personality under public law, functionally decentralized and with equity of its own, which is responsible for the official statistics and censuses of the Republic. INE reports to the President of the Chilean Republic through the Minister of Economics, Development and Reconstruction.

For more information see Strategic Definitions.

2.- What does statistical secrecy means?
The statistical secret is defined by the article 29 of INE-Chile’s law, called Ley Orgánica del INE, which states the following:

“The National Statistics Institute, fiscal and semifiscal entities and state-run companies, and each one of their officers, shall not reveal facts related to people or given entities, which had come to their knowledge during the performance of their duties.

Strictly keeping these reserves constitutes the “Statistical Secrecy”. The violation of the statistical secrecy by any person subject to this obligation will become liable for the fault considered and punished by article 247 of the Penal Code, and in any case imprisonment should be applied.

The Statistical Secrecy guarantees that INE will reproduce the data that has come to its knowledge preserving the source’s anonymity.

Source: Ley Orgánica del INE (pdf, 54 kb)


Economic questions

3.- What is the difference between a structural survey and a circumstantial one?
Circumstantial survey: A survey whose periodicity is less than a year (generally monthly or quarterly), and that gathers information for short-term indicators in any area, sector or activity within the country or abroad. The monthly survey of production and sales from the manufacturing industry, the survey on retail trading sales, supermarket sales, the employment survey and the Consumer Price Index are among the circumstantial surveys produced by INE.

Structural survey: Surveys carried out in an annual basis, which gather business-related and accounting information. The ENIA survey, the annual survey of touristic accommodations and the annual survey of freight transport are examples of these surveys.

4.- From 1990 to 2005, how much was the foreign investment in the Metropolitan Region, by sector?
According to INE’s territorial statistics, foreign investment in the Metropolitan Region went from 494,786 thousand US dollars to 497,909 thousand US dollars in the period (according to each year’s exchange rate).

Source: Executive Vice-presidency Foreign Investment Committee.

For more information see the following file about foreign investment (Spanish only): Informe de Inversión Extranjera (xls, 131 kb)
5.- What is the GDP and how is it calculated by region?
The Gross Domestic Product is one of the measures of the goods and services provided by the country in a given period (net measurement). It is linked to market prices and it is usually calculated by the added value of the different branches of the economic activity, or producers, including the value added tax (VAT raised) and import rights. The Chilean Central Bank is the institution that calculates the GDP. This macroeconomic indicator determines structures of regional production that allow estimating the regional GDP, compatible with the national estimation.

For more information see Central Bank.

6.- What does ENIA mean?
ENIA is the Spanish acronym for Annual National Industrial Survey, which is carried out among manufacturing establishments of 10 employees and more. This survey provides basic information that is used a base for developing indicators of production and sales, and it is also the chief input for building matrixes of product inputs and production accounts related to the industrial sector.

For more information see the methodology used to calculate the Production and Sales Index of the Manufacturing Industry (Metodología del Índice de Producción y Venta Física de la Industria Manufacturera (pdf, 313 kb)
7.- What does INACER mean?
The Regional Activity Index (INACER, by its Spanish acronym) is an indicator developed by the regional governments with the help of the regional offices of the National Statistics Institute.

The general design follows the same pattern than the IMACEC as well as the methodologies used to define the productive structures; the monitoring methodology for some sectors is different in some regions. INACER looks for an early approach to the region’s economic activity and thus it is the sole indicator that measures the economic circumstances of the country’s regions.

For more information see the Methodology of INACER Metodología INACER (pdf, 27 kb)
8.- What is the most current information on SMEs?
INE-Chile made the first Annual Survey of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises in 2006 and found 83,347 formal SMEs. The survey excludes the sectors of agriculture, fishery and services, as well as informal enterprises of all sectors of activity.

From this survey we also infer that by 2006 there were 1,207,163 people employed in formal SMEs, equivalent to 38% of the national employment in the sectors surveyed, and that sales of SMEs during that year amounted to 20,659,217 million. The survey collects background information that responds to the major issues needed to know the true dimension of this sector in the economy and their geographic dispersion.

For more information see the Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises’ Survey (Encuesta a las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas).

9.- How many SMEs are in the country?
The SME survey carried out in 2006 found that, out of the 83,347 formal SMEs existing, 86% are small and 14% are medium-sized. The survey didn't take into account the sectors of agriculture, fishing and services.

For more information see Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises’ Survey (Encuesta a las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas).

10.- What is the performance level of supermarkets, according to their socioeconomic features?
Since 2000, the lower-income communes have reported high growth rates of supermarkets’ sales, whereas sales have increased most in large and medium-sized stores and in areas of medium and medium-high income, according to the Supermarket Sales Index.

For more information see the Supermarkets’ Statistics Report (Enfoque Estadístico Supermercados, pdf 993 kb).

CPI questions
11.- What does CPI mean?
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an economic indicator that aims to measure the average monthly variation of prices from a given basket of goods and services that corresponds to the preferred consumption of Chilean households. This indicator is used as a measure of the rate of inflation.

For more information see CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Aspectos Metodológicos (pdf, 465 kb)

12.- Which is the entity in charge of producing the CPI and when is it published?
The entity that produces and publishes this indicator is the National Statistics Institute (INE-Chile).
The CPI is published monthly within the five first days of every month, according to a calendar that is pre-established every year.

For more information see INE’s Strategic Definitions
13.- What are tradable and non-tradable goods?
In an economy, not all the goods produced are subject to international trading. Two economic sectors can coexist: A tradable sector, which produces exportable and importable goods, and a non-tradable one, whose goods and services can only be consumed within the economy where their production takes place, being unable to be imported or exported.

Source: INE, Statistical and Economic Magazine Number 6, by Alexis Guardia.

14.- How many prices are raised each month and how many establishments are included in the CPI sample?
To measure the CPI evolution, INE checks every month some 100,000 prices for 482 products. Meanwhile, the CPI sample is made up by 2,700 establishments.

For more information check CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Aspectos Metodológicos(pdf, 465 kb)

15.- Which has been the highest and lowest inflation measured by the CPI?
The greatest fall of the Consumer Price Index took place in January of 1932, when the CPI went down 10.9%, and the greatest jump occurred in October of 1974, when the CPI reported a 87.6% variation.

Source: Statistics in Chile in the Twentieth Century

16.- Which criterion is used to build the basket of products?
Products have been selected according to the data provided by the Fifth Family Budget Survey (1996-1997), a survey that provided a basis to know how much households spend in every one of the goods and services consumed. This survey served as base to define the goods and services that make up the CPI basket and their weighing.

For more information check CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Aspectos Metodológicos(pdf, 465 kb)

17.- What does “negative variation” means?
A negative variation means that the average expense by households to buy the products and services of the CPI basket decreased.
18.- What is the annual inflation?
The annual inflation is the accumulated variation of the CPI within a year (twelve months).

For more information check CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Aspectos Metodológicos(pdf, 465 kb)
19.- How does this indicator affect earnings and expenses of Chilean people?
The Consumer Price Index also serves as guideline for calculating salary adjustments, the minimum wage, transport fees, the value of the Unidad de Fomento (UF), interest rates and mortgages, among others.
20.- When did the last change of the CPI base take place?
The current Consumer Price Index (CPI)’s base is December 1998= 100. The first measurement with this base occurred in January of 1999.

This indicator is generally updated every ten years.

For more information check CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Aspectos Metodológicos (pdf, 465 kb)
21.- What was the CPI annual variation between 1928 and 2007?

DATE
ANNUAL
DATE
ANNUAL
DATE
ANNUAL
VARIATION
VARIATION
VARIATION
1928
8.0
1957
17.2
1986
17.4
1929
7.4
1958
32.5
1987
21.5
1930
-5.2
1959
33.2
1988
12.7
1931
0.0
1960
5.5
1989
21.4
1932
23.6
1961
9.6
1990
27.3
1933
4.4
1962
27.7
1991
18.7
1934
4.2
1963
45.5
1992
12.7
1935
-1.4
1964
38.5
1993
12.2
1936
12.3
1965
25.8
1994
8.9
1937
9.8
1966
17.0
1995
8.2
1938
2.2
1967
21.9
1996
6.6
1939
7.6
1968
27.9
1997
6.0
1940
9.1
1969
29.3
1998
4.7
1941
23.1
1970
34.9
1999
2.3
1942
25.5
1971
22.1
2000
4.5
1943
7.8
1972
163.4
2001
2.6
1944
15.6
1973
508.1
2002
2.8
1945
7.7
1974
375.9
2003
1.1
1946
30.1
1975
340.7
2004
2.4
1947
23.1
1976
174.3
2005
3.7
1948
16.8
1977
63.5
2006
2.6
1949
20.6
1978
30.3
2007
7.8
1950
16.5
1979
38.9
2008
1951
23.4
1980
31.2
2009
1952
12
1981
9.5
2010
1953
56.2
1982
20.7
2011
1954
71.1
1983
23.1
2012
1955
83.8
1984
23.0
2013
1956
37.7
1985
26.4
2014

Source: CPI Charts (monthly, accumulated, recalculated and month to month) Planillas IPC (xls, 94 kb)
For more information see CPI: Methodological aspects IPC: Método de Cálculo (pdf, 22 kb)
22.- Which are the items with higher weighing within the CPI?

20 PRODUCTS WITH HIGHER WEIGHING IN THE CPI BASKET
Product
RENT
MONTHLY ALLOWANCE
DOMESTIC SERVICE
BUS TRANSPORT TICKET
MENU
REGULAR BREAD
BASIC TELEPHONY
UNLEADED FUEL
FINANCE EXPENDITURE
BOTTLED BEVERAGES
MORTGAGE PAYMENT
ELECTRICITY BILL
UNIVERSITY TUITION FEE
LIQUIFIED GAS
LABOUR COST, MAINTENANCE
CIGARRETTES
USED CAR
POTABLE WATER
FONASA (PUBLIC HEALTHCARE)
HOSPITAL BED DAY COST

For more information see the CPI basket, Consumer Price Index, base December 1998 = 100. Methodological aspects (Canasta IPC. Índice de Precios al Consumidor, IPC, base diciembre 1998 = 100. Aspectos Metodológicos, xls 545 kb).
23.- What is the underlying CPI?
The underlying CPI is the general CPI without fruits, vegetables and fuels.

This indicator is used by the country’s Central Bank as indicator of the underlying inflation (IPCX).

Source: Monthly indicators.
24.- What is a harmonised Consumer Price Index?
The harmonised CPI is when several countries agree on one common basket of goods and services under some minimum parameters that allow making comparative economic analysis of the inflation situation at those countries.

For more information see the following publication: El IPCA de MERCOSUR y Chile.
25.- What is the Family Budget Survey?
The Family Budget Survey (EPF, by its Spanish acronym) is a tool that allows knowing the households’ income and expenditure in each of the goods and services consumed.

For more information see the Family Budget Survey (Encuesta de Presupuestos Familiares).
26.- Which products had higher weighing within households spending in 2007?
According to the Sixth Family Budget Survey, the most consumed products are:

Products with higher participation within families’ spending (2007)
Products
%
Cars
8.11
House rent
3.62
Public transport
3.59
Clothing
3.34
Fuel
3.26
Restaurant meals
3.08
In-house domestic service
2.96
Monthly tuition fees for higher education
2.50
Electricity bill
2.22
Lunch, pension
1.96
Piped and liquefied gas
1.88
Bread
1.80
Medicines
1.74
Beef
1.58
Private telephone
1.43
Potable water
1.39
Non-alcoholic drinks
1.40
Real state taxation
1.34
Registration fees
1.19
Big-sized carbonated drinks
1.11
Computer
1.10
Total
50.6


For more information see the statistical report on transport and communications (Transporte y Comunicaciones es el principal gasto de los chilenos, pdf 766 kb).
27.- What does PPI mean?
The Procurement Price Index (PPI) measures the price variations of goods and intermediate services, that is, those consumed within the production process, such as raw materials.

This indicator’s base is April 2003 = 100. The following sectors are covered: Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting, and Silviculture; Fishing; Exploitation of mines and quarries; Manufacturing Industry; Electricity, Gas and Water; Building.

The PPI allows following procurement price’s evolution at aggregated level, by ISIC category, as well as disaggregated by destination according to the use of the goods. It is a monthly indicator that covers the whole country and that is widely used as deflator and indexer in private contracts and as tariff polynomial component for regulated public services.

For more information see PPI: Methodological aspects, base April 2003 = 100 (doc, 102 kb).

28.- What does WPI mean?
The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) is a key indicator for economic analysis and serves as deflator to prepare the National Accounts with constant prices together with other indicators such as the Consumer Price Index or the unitary value indexes of imports and exports. It is an indicator of prices’ circumstantial evolution.

This indicator helps to determine price trends, and as a base for the study and definition of price policies and adjustments for conveyances, such as public works contracts, or private contracts for the agricultural sector, either taking the general index or just a fraction of it. For more information see WPI methodology (pdf, 15 kb).

29.- Where may I found information regarding the change of the WPI base?
Further information available inside the Special offprint of the 109 CPI Bulletin (pdf) and the WPI Methodology
(pdf, 852 kb) and the WPI Methodology (pdf, 15 kb).

Employment questions
30.- What is the difference between unoccupied and unemployed?
Unoccupied: People who were not at work during the reference period but that were looking for a paid or lucrative work (unemployed); and those that have never worked before (first-time job seekers).

Unemployed: People who were not working-for-hire during the reference period but had worked previously.

For more information see Basic Concepts regarding the National Employment Survey: Conceptos Básicos de la Encuesta Nacional de Empleo (pdf, 23 kb)
31.- What does labour cost means?
Labour Costs are made up by employees’ salaries plus employer’s costs: Workers’ expenses refund, training and perfection activities, staff welfare services and other labour costs, such as working clothes. Social security contributions (such as family allowances granted by the State) are deducted.

For more information see Earnings and Labour Costs Methodologies: Metodología de los índices de Remuneraciones y Costo de Mano de Obra (pdf, 1.2 Mb)

32.- What is considered as worker’s earnings?It is defined as all cash benefits and payments in kind that the worker shall receive from its employer based on an employment contract, because of their job or function. All expenses incurred by the worker in carrying out its employment, such as meal and transport expenses, are responsibility of the employer and therefore are not considered as part as the worker’s earnings.

For more information see Earnings and Labour Costs Methodologies Metodología de los índices de Remuneraciones y Costo de Mano de Obra (pdf, 1.2 Mb)

33.- Which are the fields of economic activity?
The following classification is used for the earnings' index:

CODE PRIMARY DIVISION
A Agriculture, cattle breeding, hunting, and silviculture
B Fishing
C Exploitation of mines and quarries
D Manufacturing industries
E Electricity, gas and water supply
F Construction
G Wholesale trade, retail trade; power car repair, personal effects, and domestic belongings
H Hotels and restaurants
I Transport, storing and communications
J Financial intermediation
K Real state, business and renting activities
L Public administration and defense; compulsory social security plans
M Education
N Social and health services
O Other activities of community, social and personal services
P Privates homes with domestic service
Q Organizations and extraterritorial branches

The following classification is used according to the National Employment Survey:

1 Agriculture, cattle breeding, hunting, silviculture, and fishing
2 Exploitation of mines and quarries
3 Manufacturing industries
4 Electricity, gas and water
5 Construction
6 Wholesale and retail trading; Restaurants and hotels
7 Transport, storing and communications
8 Financial establishments, insurance, real state and credit services
9 Community, social and personal services
0 Unspecified activities

34.- Which are the occupation groups?
The following classification is used for the earnings' index:

CODE MAJOR GROUPS
1 Member of the executive and legislative power. Managerial staff from the public administration and private companies
2 Scientist and intellectual professionals
3 Technicians and secondary professionals
4 Office employees
5 Service workers, commerce and market sellers
6 Farmers and qualified workers from the agricultural and fishing sectors
7 Officials, operators and mechanic skilled workers, and other skilled occupations
8 Plant, machine and mounting-machines operators
9 Non qualified workers
0 Armed forces
  Ignored

The following classification is used according to the National Employment Survey:

CODE MAJOR GROUPS
1 Professionals, technicians and people from related occupations
2 Managers, administrators and managerial staff
3 White collar officers and people from related occupations
4 Sellers and selling-related occupations
5 Agricultors, stockman, fishers, hunters, lumberman and agriculture-related occupations
6 Transport drivers and transport-related occupations
7 Crafstman and operators from spinning and dressmaking-related occupations
8 Other artisans and operatorss
9 Personal service workers and related activities
  Armed forces and non identified or non declared activities

35.- How much is the labour minimum wage?

Year
Months
Non-remunerated minimum wage
Labour minimum wage
2009
Jan- Jun
102,558
159,000
2008
Jul - Dec
102,558
159,000
Jan- Jun
92,897
144,000
2007
Jul - Dec
92,897
144,000
Jan- Jun
87,697
135,000
2006
Jul - Dec
87,697
135,000
Jan- Jun
82,889
127,500
2005
Jul - Dec
82,889
127,500
Jan- Jun

78,050

120,000
2004
Jul - Dec
78,050
120,000
Jan- Jun
75,219
115,648
2003
Jul - Dec
75,219
115,648
Jan- Jun
72,326
111,200
2002
Jul - Dec
72,326
111,200
Jan- Jun
70,562
105,500
2001
Jul - Dec
70,562
105,500
Jan- Jun
66,883
100,000
2000
Jul - Dec
66,883
100,000
Jan- Jun
61,929
90,500
1999
Jul - Dec
61,929
90,000
Jan- Jun
57,322
80,500
1998
Jul - Dec
57,322
80,500
Jan- Jun
53,094
71,400
1997
Jul - Dec
53,094
71,400
Jan- Jun
48,710
65,500
1996
Jul - Dec
48,710
65,500
Jan- Jun
43,804
58,900

Source: INE and Social Security Superintendence: Minimum wages paid by type (pdf, 37 kkb)

36.- What is the difference between occupied and wage-earner?

Wage earner: People that receive net remuneration from one or more employers, as well as monetary and in kind-benefits, that is, deducting pension payments and income taxes when appropriate. The work contract of the wage-earner clearly defines the number of hours of work.

Occupied: People that work one hour or more under the following categories: Wage-earners, employers, self-employed people, domestic service workers or unpaid family workers who work 15 hours or more per week.

37.- How is the monthly average income calculated?
Average income for occupied people: It is quotient between the total income of occupied people and the number of people receiving it. It only includes the income generated from the occupation. It doesn’t take into account other earnings such as property rents, transfers and estimated hires.

Average income of wage-earners: It is quotient between the total income of wage-earner people and the number of people receiving it. It only includes wages and salaries.

For more information see the auxiliary survey about households and people’s earnings: Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingreso de hogares y personas 2006, (pdf, 3 Mb).

38.- What is the average income for wage-earners per sex and region?
You can find out data about the monthly average income for wage-earners in the auxiliary survey about households and people’s earnings: Encuesta Suplementaria de Ingreso de hogares y personas 2006 (Pdf, 3 Mb).

39.- How is the average income per capita measured?
The average income per capita is the result of dividing the households’ average income per month by the average size of the household. You can find out information about the monthly average income and the average income per capita by region in the annual publication of the auxiliary surveys (Encuestas Suplementarias).

40.- What is the average income per capita?
According to the auxiliary survey about earnings the average income per capita in Chile by 2007 amounts to 154,000 Chilean pesos and the monthly average income per household is 539,700.

For more information see the auxiliary surveys (Encuestas Suplementarias).

41.- What are the monthly average earnings?
It is the result of the average ordinary earnings multiplied by the average ordinary hours per worker plus the average of extraordinary hours per worker multiplied by the average extraordinary hours per worker.

For more information see Earnings and Labour Costs Methodologies Version 3.31 (Metodología de los Índices de Remuneraciones y costos de la mano de Obra Versión 3.31, pdf 2.389 kb).

42.- What is the monthly average earning by company size?
Since earnings and average costs by company size (sales volume) were first estimated in 2006, the following levels can be distinguished: Nominal earnings and average costs for companies whose sales are less than 25,000 UF amounted to 273,826 Chilean pesos and 461,370, respectively. For companies with sales between 25,000 UF and 100,000 UF, the levels were 276,172 and 472,394. Finally, for companies with more than 100,000 UF average earnings stood at 360,095 and average costs at 697,849.

For more information see the yearbook of average earnings and costs: Anuario de Remuneraciones Medias y Costos Medios 2006 (pdf, 824 kb)

43.- What does ISIC mean?
ISIC is the acronym for International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (Clasificador Internacional Industrial Uniforme, CIIU) and is the classification that allows the international comparability of national statistics, distributing economic data according to different categories. The ISIC third review is the classification currently used. (United Nations, Third Review, 1989)

44.- What does ISCO-88 mean?
ISCO is the acronym for International Standard Classification of Occupations (Clasificador Internacional Uniforme de Ocupación, CIUO) and it is a classification that helps national and international comparisons by distributing workers data according to occupations groups.

45.- What does household head means?
Household head is the person, either man or woman, that is recognized as such by the other members of the household. In marriages or couples living-in by mutual agreement, the household head is the one declared as such by the household members. Every household must have a household head.

If the household is made up by non-family related people, the household head is the owner or tenant of the property, or whoever is considered the household by the rest of the members.

Source: Employment Methodology.

46.- Does INE provide unemployment figures at community level?
Following an announcement from May 2007, as of the budget confirmation of the Budget Directorate, INE concretes the institutional goal of constantly improving national statistics by applying the Employment National Survey in thirteen communes: Vallenar, Illapel, La Ligua, Rengo, Cauquenes, Penco, Tomé, Cañete, Curanilahue, San Carlos, Padre las Casas, Victoria and La Unión.

For more information see Community Unemployment Figures (Cifras de Desempleo Comunal).


Farming questions

47.- How many heads of cattle were sold in fairs during 2007?
In 2007, a total of 1,099,935 head of cattle were sold in fairs.

For more information see Cattle sold at fairs 2002-2007: Ganado rematado en feria 2002 – 2007 (xls, 16 kb)

48.- How much beef is consumed per inhabitant?
In 2007, consumption reached 23.5 kilograms of beef per person.

Source: Cattle production. Annual report 2002-2008.


Motor vehicles

49.- How many vehicles are there in Chile?
In 2006, the vehicle fleet reached 2,657,892 units, of which 97.8% corresponded to private and public motor vehicles (2,599,425) and the other 2.2% was made up by non motor vehicles (such as mobile houses, trailers and semi-trailers).

For more information see the Vehicle Fleet Annual Report 2006: Anuario Parque de Vehículos en Circulación 2006
(pdf, 2 Mb).

50.- How has the vehicle fleet grown in the last few years?
The motor vehicle fleet increased 6.33% in 2006 from the previous year, with 154,854 new units. The upwards trend has been seen since 2001, marking a threshold in 2004, when the annual growth rate tripled regarding 2003 (from 1.45% to 4.68%) and maintains a steady growth over 6% in 2004 and 2005.

In 2007, the vehicle fleet reached 2,762,593 units, with a 6.28% growth from the previous year.

The private transport registers the higher expansion within the vehicle fleet.

Source: Vehicle fleet 2006-2007

For more information see Circulating Vehicle Fleet (Parque de Vehículos en Circulación).

51.- How many vehicles per capita are there in Chile?
Between 2001 and 2006, the total vehicle fleet (average annual growth of 4.13%) outgrew the population rate (1.082% per year in average), going from 1.36 vehicles every 10 inhabitants in 2001 to 1.58 in 2006, and equivalent to an average annual growth of 3.01%. In relative terms, the most dramatic growth was reported for private cars and station wagons, with an average growth of 4.1% per year.

Source: Circulating vehicle fleet, 2006.

For more information see Circulating Vehicle Fleet (Parque de Vehículos en Circulación).

52.- Which is the main cause of traffic accidents in Chile?
The main cause of traffic accidents in 2007 was driving errors, concentrating 18,508 out of a big total of 53,683 accidents.

Source: Integrated Statistical System of the Chilean Police (Sistema Integrado Estadístico de Carabineros de Chile, SIEC 2).

For more information see the police yearbooks (Anuarios Carabineros)

53.- How many people were involved in car accidents during 2007?
In 2007, 55,653 people resulted injured from a traffic accident, while 61,161 were unhurt.

Source: Integrated Statistical System of the Chilean Police (Sistema Integrado Estadístico de Carabineros de Chile, SIEC 2).

For more information see the police yearbooks (Anuarios Carabineros)


Census questions

54.- What is a census of population?
A national census of population is the count of a country’s inhabitants by gender, age, geographic distribution and socioeconomic characteristics. It provides figures on the state of a population. The census of housing and population is the primary and most important statistical operation carried out by a country. At the same time, it is the only statistical tool that allows getting hold of data for smaller areas.

Its results are critical to assess and establish education, employment, housing, health, urbanization and rural development programs, among others.

The National Statistics Institute of Chile (INE-Chile) is the entity in charge of official statistics and censuses.

In Chile, population censuses are carried out every 10 years, since this time is considered sufficient to record the population demographic changes. The last census of housing and population was carried out in 2002.

For more information see the 2002 Census Manual: Manual Censal 2002 (pdf, 171 kb)

55.- How many population censuses have been carried out?

Number Census date Year Population Intercensus annual growth rate *
I (1831-1843) 1835 1,103,036  
II October 1 1843 1,083,701 0.80
III April 19 1854 2,439,120 2.40
IV April 19 1865 1,819,223 2.10
V April 19 1875 2,075,971 1.30
VI November 26 1885 2,507,005 1.90
VII November 28 1895 2,695,625 0.70
VIII November 28 1907 3,231,022 1.50
IX December 15 1920 3,720,235 1.11
X November 27 1930 4,287,445 1.44
XI November 28 1940 5,023,539 1.60
XII April 24 1952 5,932,995 1.47
XIII November 29 1960 7,374,115 2.56
XIV April 22 1970 8,884,768 2.00
XV April 21 1982 11,329,736 2.05
XVI April 22 1992 13,348,401 1.64
XVI April 24 2002 15,116,435 1.24
* Exponential rate every 100 inhabitants.

Source: Summary Census 2002

56.- Where can I find information about social classification?
The socioeconomic classification of the National Statistics Institute allows knowing the level of socioeconomic welfare of Chilean households based on the largest database available: the Census of 2002.

Five categories are established based on data about houses features and household equipment, in addition to education conditions, age and activity of head of household.

For more information see the Statistical Report on Chilean Socioeconomic Classification Enfoque Estadístico Clasificación Socioeconómica de Hogares en Chile (pdf, 585 kb)

57.- What does census district means?
The census district refers to the land in which is split the commune territory for on-site operations in the carrying out of a census. Census districts can be urban, rural or mixed.

For more information see Cities, Towns and Hamlets, Census 2002: (Ciudades, Pueblos y Aldeas Censo 2002 (zip, 11.5 Mb)

58.- What is a rural entity?
A rural entity is a human settlement, concentrated or dispersed, having up to 1,000 inhabitants or between 1,001 and 2,000 inhabitants and less than 50% of the population economically active in secondary or tertiary activities.

For more information see Cities, Towns and Hamlets, Census 2002: Ciudades, Pueblos y Aldeas Censo 2002 (zip, 11.5 Mb)

59.- What is an urban centre?
An urban centre is a concentrated group of houses with more than 2,000 inhabitants, or between 1,001 and 2,000 inhabitants with 50% or more of its population economically active dedicated to secondary or tertiary activities. Exceptionally, touristic and recreational centres having more that 250 houses concentrated and that fall under the population requirements are considered urban.

For more information see Cities, Villages and Hamlets, Census 2002: Ciudades, Pueblos y Aldeas Censo 2002 (zip, 11.5 Mb)

60.- What does conurbation means?
A conurbation is the union of urban centres through physical expansion or functionality continuity, that is to say, when the distance between one city and another is scaled-down. The latter only in clear cases such as Valparaíso-Viña del Mar or Concepción-Talcahuano, among others.

For more information see Cities, Villages and Hamlets, Census 2002 (Ciudades, Pueblos y Aldeas Censo 2002, zip).

61.- What is the total population of indigenous peoples according to the census of 2002?

Population that declared an ethnic origin, country total Male and female
Total males and females 15,116,435
Belong to an ethnic group 692,192
Alacalufe 2,622
Atacameño 21,015
Aimara 48,501
Colla 3,198
Mapuche 604,349
Quechua 6,175
Rapanui 4,647
Yámana 1,685
None of the above 14,424,243

For more information see Results Summary for 2002 Census: Síntesis de Resultados Censo 2002 (pdf, 2.9 Mb)

62.- How many computers are in Chile per household?
According to data from the 2002 Census, out of 4,141,427 households, 851,053 households with computers were reported.

For more information see Results Summary for 2002 Census Síntesis de Resultados Censo 2002 (pdf, 2.9 Mb)

63.- How many Catholics are there in Chile?

Catholic population, censuses from the twentieth century,
14+ years old
1907 98,06%
1920 95,85%
1930 97,65%
1940 The question was not formulated
1952 90,58%
1960 89,40%
1970 79,53%
1982 The question was not formulated
1992 76,70%
2002 70,00%

Source: Statistics in Chile in the Twentieth Century

64.- What is the distribution of the indigenous population throughout Chile?
According to the Census of 2002, 4.6% of the national population has declared having an ethnic origin. The regions with higher percentage of indigenous population are La Araucanía (29.5%) and the Metropolitan Region (27.7%).
Out of the total, 64.8% lives in urban zones and 35.2% in rural areas.
On the other hand, 91.8% of the indigenous population is literate.

For more information see Results Summary for 2002 Census Síntesis de Resultados Censo 2002 (pdf, 2.9 Mb)

65.- What is the religion of Chilean indigenous people?
A total of 64.8% of the indigenous population claim being Catholic; 29.5% declares themselves Evangelic, 1.0% are Testigos de Jehová, 0.9% are Mormons and the other 3.7% have other confession of faith.

Source: Social statistics on Chilean Indigenous Peoples, Census 2002 (Estadísticas Sociales de los Pueblos Indígenas en Chile Censo 2002 (zip, 2.4 Mb)

66.- Which communes of the Metropolitan Region concentrate the higher number of inhabitants belonging to ethnic groups?

Puente Alto 15,370 people
Maipú 12,480 people
La Pintana 11.850 people
La Florida 11,695 people
Peñalolen 10,725 people
Source: Census 2002

67.- How can you statistically compare the ageing of the population in Chile between the censuses of 1992 and 2002?

Age
Census
1992
2002
Period variation
 
 
Numer
%
Numer
%
Numer
%
0 - 4
1,452,635
10.90%
1,151,076
7.60%
-301,559
-20.80%
5 - 9
1,245,119
9.30%
1,316,598
8.70%
71,479
5.70%
10 - 14
1,231,714
9.20%
1,422,452
9.40%
190,738
15.50%
15 - 19
1,217,129
9.10%
1,280,089
8.50%
62,960
5.20%
20 - 24
1,208,011
9.00%
1,201,426
7.90%
-6,585
-0.50%
25 - 29
1,223,938
9.20%
1,192,724
7.90%
-31,214
-2.60%
30 - 34
1,130,910
8.50%
1,200,191
7.90%
69,281
6.10%
35 - 39
931,163
7.00%
1,235,000
8.20%
303,837
32.60%
40 - 44
768,467
5.80%
1,131,758
7.50%
363,291
47.30%
45 - 49
647,122
4.80%
904,666
6.00%
257,544
39.80%
50 - 54
547,048
4.10%
759,003
5.00%
211,955
38.70%
55 - 59
439,588
3.30%
603,974
4.00%
164,386
37.40%
60 - 64
428,513
3.20%
499,902
3.30%
71,389
16.70%
65 - 69
307,911
2.30%
399,287
2.60%
91,376
29.70%
70 - 74
229,218
1.70%
348,118
2.30%
118,900
51.90%
75 - 79
163,851
1.20%
219,331
1.50%
55,480
33.90%
80 and over
176,064
1.30%
250,840
1.70%
74,776
42.50%
Total
13,348,401
100.00%
15,116,435
100.00%
1,768,034
13.20%

Source: Census 2002

68.- How many illiterate people are in Chile?
According to the Census of 2002, 481 thousand people aged 15 years old and over don’t know how to write and read, 52% of which are women.

Illiterate people by age group and residential area Census of 2002 (Number of people)
 
Urban area
Rural area
Age group
Total
Men
Women
Men
Women
15 to 29
40,207
17,212
11,938
6,913
4,144
30 to 39
57,251
21,117
17,880
10,930
7,324
40 to 49
67,716
21,574
22,416
13,331
10,395
50 to 64
137,229
34,242
48,192
29,125
25,670
65 and over
178,462
41,816
70,255
33,494
32,897

For more information see the Results Summary for 2002 Census (Síntesis de Resultados Censo 2002).
Results, First Volume - Population

69.- How many households are there in Chile?

 
Census 1992
Census 2002
Number of particular households
3.293.779
4.141.427
Population at particular households
13.094.923
14.800.126
Number of people per household
4,0
3,6

Source: Database/Population Census/Redatam: Census 2002 - Census 1992

70.- How are household types defined?
Household types are defined by their organization according to the presence or absence of some household members, classified as: Spouse (husband/wife or partner); son/daughter and step-son/step-daughter; relative (son–in–law/daughter–in–law, grandchildren, parents and father-in–law/mother-in-law).

Households’ composition:
Family homes
Nuclear biparental
Nuclear monoparental
Extensive monoparental
Combined

Non-family homes
Unipersonal
Non-nuclear

For more information check the Census Glossary: Glosario Censal ( pdf, 25.6 kb)

71.- Which communes have more senior citizens?
Viña del Mar, Las Condes and la Florida are the communes that report the higher numbers of residents aged over 65, according to the Census of 2002.

Source: Results of the 2002 Census

72.- What migration phenomenon takes place in Chile?
In 1982, total immigrants of five years or more amounted to 593,808, while in 1992 it reached 698,534 and in 2002, 783,430.

For more information see the results summary of the 2002 Census (Síntesis de Resultados Censo 2002).


Demographic questions

73.- What does demography means?
Demography is the science that studies populations’ volume, structure, development and variations from a quantitative and qualitative perspective.

Source: Handbook: Definitions and Concepts of Statistical Information.

74.- Which is the age classification of the Chilean population?

Children 0 -14 years old
Young people 15 -29 years old
Young adult 30 -44 years old
Adult 45 -59 years old
Senior Adult 60 years old and over

Source: Statistics in Chile in the Twentieth Century

75.- How many senior adults are there in Chile?
By 2007, population projections estimate that 2,005,684 people in Chile is aged 60 years and more. Of that total, 56% are women (1,122,547) and 44%, men (883,137).

For more information see the Statistical Report on Chilean Senior Adults: Adulto Mayor en Chile (pdf, 588 kb)

76.- How many Chileans live abroad?
According to the Census of Chileans living abroad, some 857,781 Chilean are currently living abroad. Of them, 56.8% were born in Chile and 43.2% abroad.

For more information see the following publication of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and INE: “Chilenos en el Exterior”.

77.- In which countries live most of the Chilean that reside abroad?
Half of the Chileans living abroad are in Argentina and the second highest percentage resides in the United States (13.3%).

For more information see the following publication of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and INE: “Chilenos en el Exterior”.

78.- Which is the estimated population by sex and age?


CHILE: TOTAL POPULATION ESTIMATED BY JUNE 30, BY SEX 2000-2050

Year
Population
Year
Population
Total
Men
Women
Total
Men
Women
2000
15,397,784
7,620,300
7,777,484
2026
19,220,429
9,488,592
9,731,837
2001
15,571,679
7,706,752
7,864,927
2027
19,312,102
9,531,043
9,781,059
2002
15,745,583
7,793,208
7,952,375
2028
19,403,774
9,573,494
9,830,280
2003
15,919,479
7,879,658
8,039,821
2029
19,495,446
9,615,945
9,879,501
2004
16,093,378
7,966,110
8,127,268
2030
19,587,121
9,658,397
9,928,724
2005
16,267,278
8,052,564
8,214,714
2031
19,652,544
9,687,344
9,965,200
2006
16,432,674
8,134,314
8,298,360
2032
19,717,971

9,716,293

10,001,678
2007
16,598,074
8,216,068
8,382,006
2033
19,783,397
9,745,242
10,038,155
2008
16,763,470
8,297,819
8,465,651
2034
19,848,824
9,774,191
10,074,633
2009
16,928,873
8,379,571
8,549,302
2035
19,914,249
9,803,138
10,111,111
2010
17,094,275
8,461,327
8,632,948
2036
19,953,465
9,819,216
10,134,249
2011
17,248,450
8,536,904
8,711,546
2037
19,992,680
9,835,292
10,157,388
2012
17,402,630
8,612,483
8,790,147
2038
20,031,894
9,851,368
10,180,526
2013
17,556,815
8,688,067
8,868,748
2039
20,071,109
9,867,444
10,203,665
2014
17,711,004
8,763,652
8,947,352
2040
20,110,322
9,883,518
10,226,804
2015
17,865,185
8,839,232
9,025,953
2041
20,127,269
9,889,141
10,238,128
2016
18,001,964
8,905,405
9,096,559
2042
20,144,214
9,894,761
10,249,453
2017
18,138,749
8,971,580
9,167,169
2043
20,161,160
9,900,382
10,260,778
2018
18,275,530
9,037,752
9,237,778
2044
20,178,105
9,906,003
10,272,102
2019
18,412,316
9,103,928
9,308,388
2045
20,195,050
9,911,623
10,283,427
2020
18,549,095
9,170,100
9,378,995
2046
20,196,996
9,910,271
10,286,725
2021
18,665,029
9,225,309
9,439,720
2047
20,198,941
9,908,918
10,290,023
2022
18,780,961
9,280,517
9,500,444
2048
20,200,885
9,907,565
10,293,320
2023
18,896,893
9,335,725
9,561,168
2049
20,202,831
9,906,213
10,296,618
2024
19,012,825
9,390,933
9,621,892
2050
20,204,779
9,904,861
10,299,918
2025
19,128,758
9,446,141
9,682,617
       


For more information see the revised version 2008 of the total estimated population by June 30, by sex (1950-2050) Población Total Estimada al 30 de junio, por Sexo. 1950-2050 (xls, 657 kb)

79.- Which is the estimated population, its distribution, area and density per region?
You can check the chapter on demographic statistics per region of the Statistical Compendium 2007: capítulo 1.2 Estadísticas Demográficas (pdf, 547 kb).

80.- Which is the main cause of dead in Chile?
The information used to determine the main cause of dead is included in the yearly reports of vital statistics (“Informes Anuales de Estadísticas Vitales”) published by INE, in agreement with the Registry Office and the Ministry of Health, for the period 1997–2003.

For more information see the following files on deaths by cause and main causes of death in Chile: Total de defunciones según grupos de causa (pdf, 13 kb) and Principales Causas de Muerte en Chile por Regiones 1997 – 2003 (pdf, 594 kb).

81.- What is the life expectancy at birth?
Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years that a newborn is expected to live. This indicator has a direct influence on health policies.

Source: Handbook: Definitions and Concepts of Statistical Information.

82.- What is the life expectancy at birth in Chile?
For 2005-2010, the expectation is that a person would live 78.5 years in average; this is different for men (75.5) and women (81.5).

For more information see the chapter on demographic statistics from the Statistical Compendium 2007 (1.2 Estadísticas Demográficas, pdf 547 kb).

83.- What is the life expectancy by age and sex?
For more information on life expectancy by age for men and women see the statistical report on men and parents and Chile Hombres y Padres en Chile (pdf, 581 kb)

84.- What is the fecundity in Chile?
In the 60s, the average fecundity rate in Chile was slightly over 5 children per woman. This scenario has changed dramatically.

Since those years, a clear downwards trend has been observed in terms of fecundity. As such, in 2005 the global fecundity rate averaged 1.93 children per woman.

For more information see the report on fecundity in Chile: La fecundidad en Chile (pdf, 480 Kb)

85.- What does teenage fecundity means?
The teenage fecundity rate represents the average number of children born alive from mothers aged 15 to 19 years old.

For more information see the report on fecundity in Chile: La fecundidad en Chile (pdf, 480 Kb)

86.- What is the migratory flow?
This term refers to the number (absolute or percentage) of people aged 5 years old and over that migrates from one place of origin to one destination. Between two places, the higher migratory trend is called migratory flow and the lower migratory counter flow.

Source: Regional migration 1992-2002, Glossary (Publicación Migraciones Internas Regionales).

87.- Projected population by 2008
For 2008, the projected population in Chile is 16,763,470, of whom 8,297,819 are men and 8,465,651 are women.

For 2020, the estimated population is 18,549,095 inhabitants.

For more information see the document on population estimates and projections 1990-2020 (las Proyecciones y Estimaciones de Población 1990-2020, xls) according to the current political and administrative division.

88.- Do you have information of the two new regions?
The Region of Arica and Parinacota is the result of the division of Tarapacá. Under this reorganisation, the historic First Region hands 44.2% of its population to the new region and 28.6% of its surface. This make up the new provinces of Arica and Parinacota, with Iquique and Tamarugal remaining in the Tarapacá Region, with 55.8% of the population and 71.4% of the area of the former region.

Meanwhile, Los Rios is a fraction of the Los Lagos Region. The latter transferred to Los Rios 33.2% of its population and 27.5% of its original area. This gave birth to the provinces of Valdivia and Ranco, with Llanquihue, Chiloé, Osorno and Palena remaining in Los Lagos, where the rest of the population (66.8%) and area (72.5%) are located.

Source: Political and administrative division 2007.ensare n el pisco sour que pediremos en la

For more information see the Statistical Report on New Regions in Chile: Nuevas regiones de Chile, pdf 1.86 Mb)

89.- What is the marriage rate in the country?
The marriage rate declined across the country during 1996-2004. In 1996, there were 5.8 marriages per thousand inhabitants in average, as opposed to 3.3 in 2005. People that got married in 2004 were aged 28.3 years for men and 26.4 years for women in average.
In 2005, 53,842 marriages were reported. Between 2004-2005, the number of marriages increased by 0.8%.

Source: Vital Statistics 2004-2005.


Tourism questions

90.- How was cross-border passenger movement in 2006?
According to the Chilean Foreign Office and International Police Service (Jefatura Nacional de Extranjería y Policía Internacional), 5,850,873 entrances to the country were reported in 2006 and 5,865,478 exits.

For more information see the chapter on Transport, Communications and Tourism from the Statistical Compendium 2007: 2.5 Transporte, Comunicaciones y Turismo (pdf, 501 kb)


Social questions

91.- Which percentage of the population regularly listens to radio stations?
Across the country, 93.7 % of the population listens to radio routinely.

For more information, see the Annual Report on Culture and Leisure Time 2005: Cultura y Tiempo Libre Informe Anual 2005, (pdf, 3 Mb)

92.- Which are the figures on domestic violence against women at country level?
According to the 2006 Annual Report from Carabineros de Chile, 95,829 domestic violence complaints were filed during 2006.

93.- How many legal actions against domestic violence are there in Chile?

Domestic violence legal actions, filed and closed, by Court of Appeal. Country total, 2002-2005
 
2002
2003
2004
2005
Filed
86,968
95,844
89,309
78,287
Closed
52,068
63,248
101,194
75,830

94.- Is there data on gender statistics and economic opportunities for women?
According to data collected in the Census of 2002, INE together with the National Women Service (Sernam) carried out a study on changes occurred in education, labour market structure, household size and composition, fecundity, migration, among others, as well as their effects over Chilean society from a gender perspective.

For more information see the following publication: Mujeres Chilenas: Tendencias en la última década (Censos 1992 - 2002) and visits the websites of SERNAM and ECLAC’s Division for Gender Affairs.

95.- How many sport facilities are there in Chile?
There are 16,476 sport premises across the country, where 26,755 sport facilities operate.

For more information check the First Cadastre of Sport Premises and Facilities: Primer Catastro Nacional Instalaciones y Recintos Deportivos ( pdf 482 kb).

96.- Where can I consult the First National Study about Disability in Chile?
The National Study about Disability is a joint work between the Disability National Fund (FONADIS, by its Spanish acronym) and the National Statistics Institute.

For more information see the First National Study about Disability in Chile (Primer Estudio Nacional de la Discapacidad e Informes Regionales).

97.- Where can I consult the report on Health and Quality of Life?
The surveys about health and quality of life are a joint effort between INE-Chile and the Chilean Ministry of Health, and are available on the latter’s website.

For more information see the Quality of Life Survey 2006 (Encuesta Calidad de Vida 2006).

98.- Where can I check the figures on public safety, by regions?
An agreement between the Ministry of the Interior and INE allows carrying out the Public Safety Survey, which is applied every year in 96 urban communes across the country with the purpose of gathering information at national, regional and community level. This data allows building a permanent knowledge on victimization variability and its consequences over the population's everyday life.

For more information see Public Safety Surveys (Encuestas de Seguridad Ciudadana).


Education questions

99.- How many students are there in Chile?

REGISTERED STUDENTS
Year
TOTAL
Men
Women
2001
4.156.271
2.141.873
2.014.398
2002
4.250.885
2.188.425
2.062.460
2003
4.322.809
2.228.882
2.093.927
2004
4.350.469
2.241.115
2.109.354
2005
4.432.578
2.282.638
2.149.940

For further information check the chapter on Education, Culture and Media from the Statistical Compendium 2007: 1.5 Estadísticas de Educación, Cultura y Medios de Comunicación (pdf, 356 kb) and the website of the Education Ministry.


Health questions

100.- How many people does it work in the health system?
By 2005, 28,517 people are reportedly working in the National Healthcare System, by occupation group, including workers from municipal establishments. Check the chapter on Health Statistics of the Statistical Compendium 2007: 1.6 Estadísticas de Salud (pdf, 266 kb).

For more information see the website of the Health Ministry.

101. What is the fecundity rate in Chile?
In the 60s, the average fecundity rate in Chile was slightly over 5 children per woman. This scenario has changed dramatically.
Since those years, a clear downwards trend has been observed in terms of fecundity. As such, in 2005 the global fecundity rate averaged 1.93 children per woman.

Number of births in Chile, historical data

Evolution of human births, by gender
Children born alive
Year
Men
Women
1900
56.942
53.755
1910
66.741
63.311
1920
74.820
71.905
1930
87.202
82.193
1940
85.349
81.244
1950
95.450
92.873
1960
132.518
128.135
1970
121.558
117.111
1980
119.821
114.841
1990
150.002
142.144
1997
133.415
126.544
2000
127.763
121.130
2005
118.534
121.297
2006
118.203
113.180

For more information see the report on fecundity in Chile (La fecundidad en Chile pdf 480 Kb)

102.- What does teenage fecundity mean?
The teenage fecundity rate represents the average number of children born alive from mothers aged 15 to 19 years old.

For more information see the report on fecundity in Chile (La fecundidad en Chile pdf 480 Kb)

103.- What does migratory flow mean?
This term refers to the number (absolute or percentage) of people aged 5 years old and over that migrates from one place of origin to one destination. Between two places, the higher migratory trend is called migratory flow and the lower migratory counter flow.

Source: Regional migration 1992-2002, Glossary (Publicación Migraciones Internas Regionales).

104.- Population projection by 2008
For 2009, the projected population in Chile is 16,928,873, of whom 8,379,571 are men and 8,549,302 are women.

For 2020, the estimated population is 18,549,095 inhabitants.

For more information see the document on population estimates and projections 1990-202 Proyecciones y Estimaciones de Población 1990-2020 (xls, 125 kb) according to the current political and administrative division.

105.- Do you have information of the two new regions?
The Region of Arica and Parinacota is the result of the division of the former Tarapacá Region. Under this reorganisation, the historic First Region passed over 44.2% of its population to the new region and 28.6% of its surface. This made up the new provinces of Arica and Parinacota, with Iquique and Tamarugal remaining in the Tarapacá Region, with 55.8% of the population and 71.4% of the area of the former region.

Meanwhile, Los Rios is a fraction of the Los Lagos Region. The latter transferred to Los Rios 33.2% of its population and 27.5% of its original area. This gave birth to the provinces of Valdivia and Ranco, with Llanquihue, Chiloé, Osorno and Palena remaining in Los Lagos, where the rest of the population (66.8%) and area (72.5%) are located.

Source: 2007 political and administrative division.

For more information see the Statistical Report on New Regions in Chile ( Enfoque Estadístico Nuevas regiones de Chile pdf, 1.86 Mb).

106.- What is the marriage rate in the country?
The marriage rate declined across the country during 1996-2004. In 1996, there were 5.8 marriages per thousand inhabitants in average, as opposed to 3.3 in 2005. The average age at first marriage during 2004 was 28.3 years for grooms and 26.4 years for brides.

In 2005, 53,842 marriages were reported. Between 2004-2005, the number of marriages increased by 0.8%.

Source: Vital statistics from 2004-2005.


Tourism questions

107.- How was the cross-border passenger movement in 2006?
According to the Chilean Foreign Office and International Police Service (Jefatura Nacional de Extranjería y Policía Internacional), 5,850,873 entrances to the country were reported in 2006 and 5,865,478 exits.

For more information see the chapter 2.5 on Transport, Communications and Tourism from the Statistical Compendium 2007 (2.5 Transporte, Comunicaciones y Turismo pdf, 501 kb).


Social questions

108.- Which percentage of the population regularly listens to radio stations?
Across the country, 93.7 % of the population listens to radio routinely.

For more information, see the Annual Report on Culture and Leisure Time 2005 (Cultura y Tiempo Libre Informe Anual 2005 pdf, 3 Mb).

109.- Which are the figures on domestic violence against women at country level?
According to the 2006 Annual Report from Carabineros de Chile, 95,829 domestic violence complaints were filed during 2006.

110.- How many legal actions against domestic violence are there in Chile?

Domestic violence legal actions, filed and closed, by Court of Appeal. Country total, 2002-2005
 
2003
2004
2005
2006
Filed
86,968
95,844
89,309
78,287
Closed
52,068
63,248
101,194
75,830

111.- Is there data on gender statistics and economic opportunities for women?
According to data collected in the Census of 2002, INE together with the National Women Service (Sernam) carried out a study on changes occurred in education, labour market structure, household size and composition, fecundity, migration, among others, as well as their effects over Chilean society from a gender perspective.

For more information see the following publication: Mujeres Chilenas: Tendencias en la última década (Censos 1992 - 2002) and visits the websites ofl SERNAM and ECLAC’s Division for Gender Affairs.

112.- How many sport facilities are there in Chile?
There are 16,476 sport premises across the country, where 26,755 sport centres operate.

For more information check the first cadastre of sport premises and facilities (Enfoque Estadístico Primer Catastro Nacional Instalaciones y Recintos Deportivos pdf, 482 kb).

113.- Where can I consult the First National Study about Disability in Chile?
The National Study about Disability is a joint work between the Disability National Fund (FONADIS, by its Spanish acronym) and the National Statistics Institute.

Source: : http://www.ine.cl/canales/chile_estadistico/encuestas_discapacidad/discapacidad.php

114.- What was the result of the first national study on disabilities carried out in Chile?

TYPE OF IMPAIRMENT IN PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES (2004)
 
Number of disabilities
% of disability
Physical
1.048.347
31,2
Intellectual
301.591
9
Visual
634.906
18,9
Hearing-related
292.720
8,7
Psychiatric
262.151
7,8
Visceral
466.584
13,9
Multi-deficit
343.797
10,2
Total
3.350.096
100%

Disability by gender and age range (*rate every 100 inhabitants)
Chile 2004
Age range
Men and women
Men
Women
0-5 years old
22.730
13.264
2,05%
2,05%
9.466
1,56%
6-14 years old
94.723
57.239
4,50%
4,50%
37.484
3,35%
15-29 years old
171.294
85.152
4,47%
4,47%
86.142
4,69%
30-64 years old
1.054.014
422.259
12,57%
12,57%
831.755
17,65%
65 years old and over
725.311
285.582
38,61%
38,61%
439.729
47,26%
Total
2.068.072
863.496
10,89%
10,89%
1.404.576
14,92

Hogares con al menos una persona con discapacidad por región. Frecuencia y Tasa Regional. Chile 2004
Region
Households total
Households with disabled people
Rate of households with at least one disabled person
I
113.560
47.920
42,20
II
126.969
42.436
33,42
III
77.361
29.429
38,04
IV
171.677
61.819
36,01
V
464.632
110.676
23,82
VI
230.315
91.392
39,68
VII
270.937
123.119
45,44
VIII
590.018
218.119
37,08
IX
257.871
116.925
45,34
X
330.595
120.210
36,36
XI
32.834
11.401
34,72
XII
50.163
10.054
20,04
R.M
1.764.459
565.192
32,03
Total
4.481.391
1.548.692
34,57

For more information see Primer Estudio Nacional de la Discapacidad e Informes Regionales.

115.- Where can I consult the report on Health and Quality of Life?
The surveys about health and quality of life are a joint effort between INE-Chile and the Chilean Ministry of Health, and are available on the latter’s website.

For more information see the Quality of Life Survey 2006 (Encuesta Calidad de Vida 2006).

116.- Where can I check the figures on public safety, by regions?
An agreement between the Ministry of the Interior and INE allows carrying out the Public Safety Survey, which is applied every year in 96 urban communes across the country with the purpose of gathering information at national, regional and community level. This data allows building a permanent knowledge on victimization variability and its consequences over the population's everyday life.

For more information see Public Safety Surveys (Encuestas de Seguridad Ciudadana).


Education questions

117.- How many students are there in Chile?

REGISTERED STUDENTS
YEAR
TOTAL
Men
Woman
2001
4.156.271
2.141.873
2.014.398
2002
4.250.885
2.188.425
2.062.460
2003
4.322.809
2.228.882
2.093.927
2004
4.350.469
2.241.115
2.109.354
2005
4.432.578
2.282.638
2.149.940
2006
4.431.408
2.270.823
2.160.585
2007
4.489.622
2.298.482
2.191.140

For more information check the chapter on Education, Culture and Media from the Statistical Compendium 2007 (1.5 Estadísticas de Educación, Cultura y Medios de Comunicación pdf, 356 kb) and the website of the Education Ministry (Ministerio de Educación).


Health questions

118.- How many people does it work in the health system?
A total of 21,100 people was working in the health system in 2006, while in 2007 the number of healthcare workers went up to 21,782, by age group and sex.

Age group
Medical staff
2006
2007
Total
Men
Women
Total
Men
Women
Total
21.100
14.398
6.702
21.782
14.752
7.030
Less than 25 years old
0
0
0
0
0
0
25-29 years old
750
437
313
1.191
680
511
30-34 years old
1.803
1.058
745
1.897
1.114
783
35-39 years old
2.237
1.398
839
2.264
1.413
851
40-44 years old
2.636
1.658
978
2.657
1.668
989
45-49 years old
3.071
2.029
1.042
3.062
2.023
1.039
50-54 years old
3.272
1.949
1.323
3.286
1.958
1.328
55-59 years old
2.320
1.658
662
2.370
1.686
684
60-64 years old
1.600
1.315
285
1.771
1.435
336
65-69 years old
1.062
901
161
1.134
965
169
70-74 years old
720
611
109
769
645
124
75-79 years old
581
483
98
567
472
95
80-84 years old
400
346
54
364
313
51
85-89 years old
264
224
40
213
175
38
90 years old and over
384
331
53
237
205
32

Source: Medical College of Chile (Colegio Médico de Chile)

119.- How many hospital beds does the Chilean health system have?


In 2006, 38,072 hospital beds were reported.
For more information visit the official website of the Health Ministry (Ministerio de Salud).

 

Click on the following link to access the information request form
Link: http://palma.ine.cl/oirs/formulario_oirs.asp